15 Ways Rihanna Adopt To Get More Fans Instantly



Social media is always up to something new and steadfast. People every day are joined this platform either for business purposes or for personal ones. No matter what your purpose is, social media platforms are a great way to get in touch with entertainment and various news and events happening all around the world. Talking from the business perspective, social media plays a vital role in creating awareness of their products and services to their target markets. Twitter is one of the popular social media platforms that helps businesses, influencers and celebrities to get popular with their unique posts.

Are you feeling left out on this? Does your business need a kick start? Are you worried where all your customers are going? Looking for a change? All these questions lead to one basic thing and that is innovation. You can retain your customers only by brining innovation to your products and services and keep them captivated. Being on Twitter means you need followers to get your account popular. The followers keep on continue to grow till the time you are on Twitter.


Buy fast followers

When you try to build your followers you will come to know that this is not an easy job to do. You will have to wait tons of months to get your following originally to a hundred or a three. If you see this amount of followers from business perspective then you will realize this is not getting you much popularity as you require. For this businesses are going to get more twitter followers instantly  options to get their business the fame they desire. Buying followers on Twitter spreads awareness of your products and you will then see your business flourishing. All kinds of personal and business accounts are now going for buying followers for their Twitter accounts.


Where to buy followers?

Up for buying followers? Reliable follower providers are working day and night to provide you with followers for your social media accounts. Doesn’t matter if you are a business owner or just an entertainer, you can get followers that are actually legit. The followers provided to you are active and legit. Don’t think that the follower you will buy is just there to increase the amount but they are actual people who are following against rewards. However, some followers are not real but that totally depends on the company from which you buy the followers from.

Followers may be active or inactive

When you get more twitter followers instantly option, you need to be aware that these followers can be active and inactive too. The active followers may follow you at first but they can unfollow you afterwards or some may require you to follow them back. Apart from this, the inactive followers can remain with the Twitter account for longer times or forever.

Buy Twitter followers and improve your following. Your business will definitely get a boost with the increase in the amount of followers. Every business needs this and so does yours. Buy followers at reliable rates and make your Twitter explode.




Soccer Heads Unblocked game: Rising popularity




Online games are very popular these days that involves people from all age groups. Spending too much time on online games is not good for children and it can also have negative impact on their personality. Children who get addicted towards games they spend whole day sticking to their computers that also makes them dull and sick. A study reported that teenagers are mostly affected by online gaming. Watching too much games on computer is as more harmful than watching televisions for long times. Both have negative impact on children and also affect their health. Though games allow kids to lean lot of things that they are not able to learn from studies but there are some associated negative impacts that also include poor eyesight and poor health. Soccer Heads Unblocked are designed for children that provides a range of different games. The platform is very popular among kids and huge fan following of the PBS has been reported by the manufacturers.

Adventure seeking

Children like to play different kinds of games that depend on their taste. Kids who like adventure and thrill they prefer to play that kind of games while kids who like music or songs they play music games. Variety of games has been designed by the manufacturers that include every area. Learning games are also available online that are important for kids in many ways. However too much dependence on online games could be very harmful for kids but it is important to maintain a balance between real life and play. There are many fantasy games that leave bad imprint on people’s memory. They seek pleasure in fantasy games as they fantasize things. This condition could be very harmful for kids if they rely too much on these types of games. Too much dependence on such games can detach kids from real world. In severe cases children need counseling and guidance from psychologists. Some more harmful impact related to inappropriate games could be use of abusive substance, reckless driving, gambling and sexual behavior that could be risky.

Soccer heads Unblocked

There are many games that use abusive substance to make games more attractive and appealing for kids. Kids like to play such games and they develop risks of transforming such traits in their personalities. Playing such games makes them abusive in real life too. Another popular and most commonly played game by kids is driving fancy cars. In car racing they drive cars recklessly for winning the game. This could develop in them the trait that would force them to drive cars recklessly in real life too. This could be harmful as cars driven in such manner means violating traffic rules and regulations and it could be harmful for the driver and other people on the roads. Accidents and injuries could be result of reckless driving. Some games involve the concept of gambling in which the players have to make money through gambling. They can adopt it and could become gamblers in real life too. On the other hand Soccer Heads Unblocked provides options for playing good and constructive games.



Five Madrasas in Fez set to be reopened


Morocco’s King Mohammed VI gave directions to the ministry of Endowments and Islamic Affairs to open once again five Madrasas and Dar al-Muwaqqit, historical institutions that have been renovated as a feature of the rehabilitation program of the ancient structures of the old Medina of Fes.

The king firmly believes that education is a key sector for the development of the country. On one of his speech, King Mohammed VI states that considering the current state of the training and education sector, Morocco needs to assess its achievements and identify shortcomings and insufficiencies. He also stressed the importance of the National Charter for Education and Training, adopted over a wide-based national participatory method year’s back.

The declaration of this pronouncement was made by Mr. Ahmed Toufiq who is currently the minister of Endowments and Islamic Affairs, at a function led by the King on Friday at the Library of the Hassan II Mosque Foundation in Casablanca.

Mr.Toufiqstated that the King gave guidelines for the rehousing of a few students of the Al Qaraween university who are in the last year in the Madrasa Mohammadia, constructed by late King Mohammed V and which contains 25 rooms and two classrooms, and in Madrasas constructed during the time of Marinids, in particular Seffarine  with25 rooms and three classrooms, Mesbahiya  with 35 rooms and two classrooms and Sbaiyyine with 23 rooms.

As indicated by the Royal directions, the Sahrij Madrasa with 26 rooms and two classrooms will likewise be opened to have the students of the Moroccan calligraphy department at the University the Al Qaraween, added the minister, taking note of that a sum of 134 rooms will be made accessible to the students.

Toufiq included that the Sovereign likewise requested Dar al-Muwaqqit (a room in the minaret of the Al-Karaouine mosque) reopening, stating that Moroccans, who have constantly given careful consideration to the idea of space-time and exceeded expectations here, will be capable through this house-gallery to find the scientific legacy of their nation.

Madrasa is an Arabic word for any type of educational institution, may it be religious or secular. In the west, the term typically refers to a particular kind of religious school or college meant for the study of the Islamic religion, however, this may not only be the sole subject to be studied. Not every student studying in madaris are Muslims as there are also modern curriculum being taught.

On the other hand, the Dar al-Muwaqqit is a room in the minaret of Al – Karaouine mosque located in Fes, Morocco. It was the assembly of the muwaqqit, the officer accused of the control and maintenance of the clocks and with imparting the right times of prayer to the muezzin.The most critical object of the Dar al-Muwaqqit is the water clock of Al-Lajai. It was made at the request of the Marinid Sultan Abu Salim Ali II by the muwaqqit Abu Zaid Abderrahman Ibn Souleiman al-Lajai. Al-Lajai had learned on mathematics with Ibn al-Banna al-Marrakushi at the Al-Attarine Madrasa . The clock was done and set up on November 20 1361 two months after the passing of the sultan.

VoIP Termination


VoIP termination services include a set of services like VoIP call service, wholesale services, and different VoIP service plans that may include package plans like reseller plans and business plans. Among other factors it depends on the capital any business can invest into VoIP termination services, and thus they can pick up a plan of their choice. This service can upgrade your business and make it stand out as a business expertise among the market while calling off conventional ways of telephony. Here is a detailed explanation of these service plans:

  1. VoIP Wholesale Service: This service is best suited for anyone who has an initial setup for all kinds of VoIP services, as this service helps entailing a large number of clients from around the globe thus expanding your business.
  2. Resellership: Under this business, anyone from their fields of communication has opportunity to upgrade their setup to VoIP termination services. The reseller has to focus on the generating greater number of clients only and has no extra cost for setting up an infrastructure or invest in a technical personnel.
  3. Business Plans: Every business enterprise, be it of any size, can benefit from this kind of package provided by VoIP termination service providers. This helps is cost reduction through a trust worthy and established service provider and is best suited for businesses like call centers, corporatist businesses and Internet Service Provider setups.

VoIP termination services are best suited as they are promised to provide scalability, profitability, and are reliable enough to be used anywhere and anytime. These services have provided a single platform for converting all kinds of messages whether voice or video through a single line of service and thus reduce the cost of overall and basically you need a good internet connection for using the service.

Not just those, VoIP termination services are easily available through number of devices and you can opt for what works best for you, such as:

. VoIP calls through computer

. Especially IP designed telephone sets

. Conventionally fixed lines for internet calls

Not just cost reduction but these services have improved the stability of calls as well as voice quality, thus over all revolutionizing the process of communication. Thus, while choosing for the best VoIP termination service providers, you have to keep an eye on these factors:

. Reliability and stability

. Cost Reduction

. Greater traffic management

. Increased efficiency of all kinds of costs

. Reduced cost for international calling

It is best kind of choice for businesses which have to stay connected to dealers, suppliers and customers from all around the world and VoIP termination provides that. This results in customer satisfaction, which acts as token for the success for any kind of business. This service helps you run a fast paced, successful and seamless business, helping you grow and work as a single consistent business throughout all branches around the world.

pressure cleaning Sunshine Coast


Living in Sunshine Coast is enjoy one of the best areas of Australia. The refreshing air of this city inspires you to relax. So, why spend time cleaning hard areas of your house if you can enjoy the beautiful day in the beach? Leave it with pressure cleaning in Sunshine Coast. Many persons get really discouraged to clean hard areas and keep thinking what is the efficiently way to clean the house. Think of how much time, soap, brush, broom, water, chemical and physical effort you would spent to clean the garage floor, per example. It is very a tricky task that doesn’t worth it. Definitely, the best way to clean your house is with the pressure cleaning Sunshine Coast. This revolutionary method is the salvation to the cleaning problem in your house, that disappear in a blink of the eye.

The pressure cleaning in Sunshine Coast is a wonderful technology. It is used to clean surfaces and materials and is called high-pressure cleaning, hydro cleaning or even water blasting. The main concept consists in a jet of water on high speed. The force created by the pressurization, can remove the hardest kind of grubbiness of any places, especially the hard to achieve ones. The water pressurization can achieve up to 200 times more than the normal air. The best reason for the success of the pressure cleaning Sunshine Coast is that it is environment friendly, because 95% of the water is saved, what in the low water cleaning method is not possible. But this procedure can only be administered by trained professionals, for all security.

Pressure cleaning in Sunshine Coast is widely used around the city and you can apply in your house. Normally, the external parts of the house, like garage, sandstone, fencing, driveways, gardens, balcony, pool areas, chairs, paths and even cars, are most vulnerable to dust, mildew, mold and unwished droppings. For perform this important task, you have a trustable company right near you. SMS Maintenance Solutions is a solid company that have a know-how that meet your meets and satisfy our expectations. With a well trained staff, SMS Maintenance Solutions will range you pressure cleaning Sunshine Coast of the best way.

There are many benefits of pressure cleaning in Sunshine Coast: the wonderful appearance of cleaning in your house and old surfaces will seem like new again. Beyond that, this method removes all dangerous bacteria and dirty that can bring serious health problems to you and your family. The large concentration of mold can provoke sneezes, allergies and even more serious diseases, like respiratory infections. Specialists recommends that the pressure cleaning sunshine Coast should be apply at least once a year, to avoid the accumulation of unwanted dirtiness. It is a relive when you know you can solve the external cleaning problem of your house easily. You will have more time to concentrate better in the internal part of the house. Or either, enjoy your family and friends, accomplish your job task, take a good rest or even take a beach bath! Don’t waste this unique opportunity!

Learning How to Train a Beagle Puppy

How To Train A Beagle Puppy

Beagle puppies are specific species of dogs which are thought to be the highly intellectual. Besides high intellect, they have very good sense of smell which makes them very proficient in hunting small animals. However, in spite of the intellect and good sense of smell it is very hard to train the beagle puppies. Learning how to train beagle puppy is not an easy task and it takes long practice and knowledge. In case, you think they understand you it becomes more difficult to train them as they do not follow your instructions. Those who own beagle puppies accept their nature and character and develop a specific environment to train them.

How to Train a Beagle Puppy with ease

Though it is hard to train abeagle puppy, it doesn’t mean they are not trained. They are trained for specific purposes as well. Beagles go closer to German Shepherds in intellect, and German Shepherds follow you at your first command. On the other hand beagle, puppies are stubborn as well as excited. They may not hear you even you bent down on your knees. However, Beagle puppies are easily distracted. You need to show expectable behavior to your beagle puppy so that they get to you at your first command. They can be trained like kids. However, the training period may take long, and you may repeat it several times to get the activity work.

The rewarding process helps you attract your beagle puppy quickly. In order train him fast, reward him his something he likes. For instance, if he has shown an affectionate behavior at some place reward him at once. This will help you to attract him towards you.

How To Train A Beagle Puppy

Nature of Beagle Puppy

Beforestarting training your beagle puppy, it is good to understand his behavior. Beagles are foxhounds and have specific nature. They have short legs and have floppy ears. They are often found in playing games and hunting. They are used as rescue dogs as well. Moreover, they are called as drug sniffing dogs. They show notorious behavior at some places. They may go around you at public places. Although they are energetic in nature, they become familiar to new ones who show them a little affection. This is why they are hard to train in normal conditions.

Remarkable Abilities of Beagle Puppy

Beagle puppies have unique qualities. Though hard to train, they can go with you for long hours. They can help you in hunting small animals. Due to small size, they go over fences easily. They can go inside the small holes to hunt. The interesting thing about them is that they can open doors. They can jump high without any trouble. In case you want to give them a feast, keep the food away from them before offering them feast. Their sense of smell can take them to the desired place

Beagle puppies have unique nature. It is hard to train them however they learn quite easily. They can be trained with affectionate and rewarding behavior.


How to run your own business through Instagram

buy real active instagram followrs

buy real active instagram followrs


When we hear the word of Instagram we instinctively get brain waves about the amazing app that is making tides in the terms of audience attendance on Instagram. Now question appears why Instagram is getting so much accepted and appreciated by the audience instead of other apps out theirs. Well, the answer to this question is that it is build to suit every kind of environment. For this particular reason person from every whereabouts in the present here. Businesses are promoted here more than on other social media apps that are out there. So that is why there is a high percentage of people that are here that are promoting their little or big business through the platform of Instagram without any payment. Not only this Instagram helps you to setup your business so if you get yourself attached to promotion through Instagram you are in for a ride.

How business on Instagram Works

When people started promoting their business on Instagram it became a trend of the era because it was free of cost. When one finds a way to promote its business that is getting promotion without any cost he will use it. So Instagram launched Instagram for Business blog. Don’t underestimate this because it not only helps you promote the business Instagram provided us tips, brand acceptance,  and API graph. These all were free yes while you were promoting your business it analysing that how you can enhance the capabilities of your business.

Make your business A happening Place to be With

Yes, Instagram is the exactly meaning of this upper sentence and you don’t have to pretend. All you need to do is post the pictures of your business where you are showing the things how you make your product or how is the environment in your business. For example, if you are running some NGO you can post pictures of the kids you help out there you can ask for help by showing the images of those little souls. This will not only encourage people about the work you are doing it will help you in encouraging them to come and support your cause as well. Then when most of the people they invest in anything they want some kind of proof. The proof can also be provided through pictures. People can suggest that how you can improve through commenting on those pictures.

Grow your presence

Well, this heading describes itself. It has the only meaning that means engage people in what you are doing. This can be done in simple means you can engage people in your post  by liking their posts. It is a common sense when people see that you have more than enough followers between if you don’t have you can even buy real instagram followers and you are constantly talking to them and admiring what they are posting they will comment and talk and give attention when you will post something. Post engaging is only one way there are many other ways you can engage is by starting the popular hashtags on your posts. Most people do just random hashtags but if there is something trending and you use that hashtags your post gets attention intentionally then. Well these were some tips to help you build your business through Instagram

Six of our Top Favorite DIY Projects that will transform your Outdoors


If you are searching for ideas to transform your outdoor space, our man and van Fulham experts share their six of the most favorite DIY projects for your outdoors. Here’s what you need to do to make the most of your backyard, balcony or patio;

Hanging swing chair

If you are thinking to do any of your eating, lounging or entertaining on the balcony or garden area, you might want to enhance the look of your outdoors. If your balcony only measures about a few square inches, adding a hanging swing chair can change the way you feel about the space.

Painted/patterned porch floor

Give your outdoor space a new face by adding a painted floor. You can choose the paint color that will go with the walls/windows, complementing the entire look of your porch area. If the paint is not what you are looking for, you might want to go for the patterned flooring options.

Pattern floors can add a touch of fun and flavor to your outdoor space. You can either pick a vibrant design that uplifts the outlook of your porch or can choose the contemporary gray theme to give it a classy appeal.

Rope Ottomans

If you are tight on budget and want to change the wayoutdoors look like, you can work with the stuff you already own and use it to decorate the space. Rope Ottomans are one of the great ways to add style to your outdoor sitting area. All you need is an old tire, rope and wood cutouts to create a rope ottoman.

It can work both as a storage space and/or a coffee table. You can store any magazines/newspapers you might want to keep in reach, when spending time outdoors, inside the rope ottoman.

Vertical Garden Planters

You can create a savvy look of your outdoor space by adding a Vertical Garden Planter. Add some good looking outdoor furniture near the plantation setting to create an intimate gathering space. You can also add up a fence around your outdoor area for privacy purposes.

However, you might want to plan how you really wish to use your outdoor area before you actually start decorating it.

Weather-resistant furniture

Prep up your outdoor space into an intimate gathering area. You can include a dining set in your outdoor area to create a great new look of your apartment/house. Think smart and only use weather-resistant furniture when decorating your balcony/porch/patio.

When selecting furniture for the outdoor space, you can create an eye-catching arrangement by placing table and chairs at some distance from the home. It works great if you want to make the best use of your lawn area.

Decorate a corner using vibrant color scheme


By using a palette of vibrant colors, you can create the right seasonal appeal. These concrete blocks with a stroke of yellow paint work great in catching anybody’s attention. You too can make use of vibrant color schemes to add a new life to your outdoor area.


Love Quote for Love Relationship

love quote

love quote

I do not love, but do not hate. I do not know what I feel, or better .. what does not feel. But it is not hatred, much less love. Nor is it contempt or pain, much less worth it. Sometimes it relief, but most often it’s nothing … is, you’ll see it’s nothing.Maybe he turned into nothing. BS.

Unlike most, I do not love with the heart, but with the stomach, it is that “feel” the best and worst emotions and feelings (one retroflexion would say my friends gestalt). It is through this neurotic, I assume! Especially if one day verbalize that I love from the bottom of my stomach (laughs), I found the object that came into the world to find.

I am a poor girl who barely knows what life more, you know so much about this business of love. AS illusions that feeling back is hard to explain, more joys are so good that agent until sighs of happiness, is good a good feel more, you suddenly realize that it also suffocates you slowly.

his last message said: “meet me, love you, tha knows, back to me!” It took me to answer, but my fingers with a will automatically typed and sent: “I do not have the stomach to hear your truth, because I got sick of your lies … Take care, big kiss!

Continue to read: i love you quotes for her

I do not know why in my all is too much: if love is too much, if I suffer is too much, if I speak is too much, if challenge is too much and lose it too,
do not point out the third-party mistakes, it is not with judgments that I will correct mine, so I can not find my virtues with everything I have or get to understand my less;

If you give me a flower
I talk to love
if you do not believe
But I love
even disliking
friend I like
most love to date
can speak it, it will only help
because a relationship can get.
Of course I will have to leave. ..
I’m going to the end of the world
to find you.
for my love for you will not end.

give me patience with the people I love!
Those who do not love. Those who do not love me, Those who judge me, Those who deceived me. To those who purposely used me to take advantage, inventing things about me. And to those who speak my name, without knowing who I really am!

It you love my beautiful. She: I love you more. He-I yelled for everyone to love you .she: and I shouted up on mars love, hahaha love you more! “It’s not necessary to scream pa the world how much you love just makes you feel for yourself, because remember! Life is a theater, and you never know when this acting !!

You would be too if I wanted chatiado not you near me?
It’s because I love you too my love, do not know what to do with so much feeling.And how can I not shed this wonderful liquid on you, I want this smell do not get bad smell.
So I want you far away from me and so I will be half.

If life is an illusion that I delude myself
if life is to love what I love, If there is no illusion, I will not know life If there is love, I do not know what is a feeling in life. So love, kid yourself, alive, be glad that youdo not know life will never know the true history of LIFE !!!

Today the day was very hard for me what hurts most and know that someone I love ta being maltreated and TBM know that sometimes I’m very lonely, but it’s harder sadness that agent is the most beautiful intendimento and wisdom .. .
the day was not more beautiful the night was wonderful, thank you sir!

Why love?
I love you not only for what you are,
but for what I am
when I’m with you
I love you for what
you are doing to me.
I love you because you put your hand
on my heart
and passing over
my weaknesses
did you leave light
all the beauty that no one prior
to you could find.

I love you so much that
when my gaze
intersects with yours, I
feel the smell of love in the air.
To you epnotizar me
so you meolhar is SOO you
look in my eyes.
I love you an inexplicable way,
this love you are able to cross your
eyes and your mind invedir.
to show you true love
my poor you.

Read More at: http://www.quoteslibrary.org/





Sometimes atomic energy is viewed as perfect energy its incorporation in the renewable energy rundown is a subject of real civil argument. To comprehend the level headed discussion we have to comprehend the meaning of renewable energy and atomic energy first.

Renewable energy is characterized as an energy fuel/source sort that can recover and can recharge itself inconclusively. The five renewable sources utilized frequently are sunlight based, biomass, geothermal, hydro and wind.

Atomic energy then again is an aftereffect of energy created through the splitting procedure of atoms. All the power plants change over heat into electric power utilizing steam. In atomic plants, the heat energy to make the steam is made when molecules split, called fission. It discharges energy as warmth and neutrons. The discharged neutrons then goes ahead to hit different neutrons and rehash the procedure, subsequently creating more heat energy. Much of the time the fuel utilized for atomic parting is uranium. Now the question rises that, is nuclear energy renewable?

Nuclear As Renewable Energy

Most supporters of atomic energy bring up the low carbon outflow part of atomic energy as its real trademark to be characterized as renewable energy. As per nuclear force rivals, if the objective to harvest a renewable energy base is to lower carbon outflow then there is no explanation behind excluding atomic energy in that rundown.

Be that as it may, a standout amongst the most intriguing argument for incorporating nuclear energy in the renewable energy portfolio originated from Bernard L Cohen, previous teacher at University of Pittsburg. Educator Cohen characterized the term ‘indefinite'(time traverse required for an energy source to be sufficiently maintainable to be called renewable energy) in numbers by utilizing the normal relationship between the sun (source of sun based energy) and the earth. As indicated by Professor Cohen, if the Uranium store could be demonstrated to keep going the length of the relationship between the Earth and Sun, should last (5 billion years) then nuclear energy ought to be incorporated into the renewable energy portfolio.

In his research paper Professor Cohen says that utilizing breeder reactors, nuclear reactor ready to create more fissile material than it expends, it is conceivable to fuel the earth with atomic energy uncertainly. Despite the fact that the measure of uranium store accessible could just supply nuclear energy for around 1000 years, Professor Cohen accepts real measure of uranium store accessible is path more than what is viewed as extractable at this moment. In his contentions he incorporates uranium that could be obtained at a higher cost, uranium from the ocean water furthermore uranium from disintegrating earth hull by river water. Those conceivable uranium assets if utilized as a part of a reproducer reactor would be sufficient to fuel the earth for another 5 billion years and consequently renders atomic energy as renewable energy.

Nuclear as Non- renewable Energy

One of the greatest contentions against incorporating atomic energy in renewable energy list is the way that uranium store on earth is limited, not at all like sunlight based and wind. To be considered renewable, the energy source (fuel) ought to be practical for an uncertain timeframe, as per the meaning of renewable energy.

Another real argument mentioned by the adversaries of including nuclear energy as renewable energy is the destructive nuclear waste from nuclear force reactors. The nuclear waste is considered as a radioactive toxin that conflicts with the thought of a renewable energy source. Yucca Mountain is one of the cases utilized all the time to demonstrate this point. The vast majority of the rivals in the US likewise point at the way that while most renewable energy source could render the US energy autonomous, uranium would even now keep the nation energy subordinate as US would at present need to import uranium.


Now we are able to find answer to the question that, is nuclear energy renewable? It appears like at the heart of level headed discussion lies the disarray over the precise meaning of renewable energy and the prerequisites that should be met keeping in mind the end goal to be one. The late explanation by Helene Pelosi, the interval chief General of IRENA (International Renewable Energy Agency), saying IRENA won’t bolster nuclear energy programs since it’s a, since a long time ago, confounded procedure, it produces squander and is moderately unsafe, demonstrates that their choice has nothing to do with having a practical supply of fuel. And if that is the situation then nuclear defenders would need to make sense of an approach to manage the nuclear waste administration issue and other political ramifications of nuclear force before they can request that IRENA reevaluate incorporating nuclear energy in the renewable energy list.